Uzbekistan’s deputy foreign minister, Furkat Sidikov, visits India to discuss the new reforms days after protests stormed Krakalpakstan. Meenakshi Lekhi, the minister of state for external affairs, met with the Uzbekistan foreign minister on Tuesday. Lekhi is appreciative of her counterpart for briefing her on the country’s development progress in Central Asia. In New Delhi, a meeting on the nation’s constitutional amendments was officiated over by the Uzbek foreign minister.
The visit of the Uzbeki counterpart was followed by the recent Karakalpakstan revolt that created nationwide unrest. In all, 18 people were killed and 243 injured last Friday during demonstrations over proposals to reduce Karakalpakstan’s autonomy, marking the deadliest outbreak of violence in the Central Asian nation in 17 years. Uzbek officials made the information public on Monday (July 4).
Karakalpakstan has inherited its name from the minority Karakalpak people, who are a majority-Muslim Turkic people group by ethnicity. Their language is more closely related to Kazakhs than to the Uzbeki language spoken throughout the region. Karakalpakstan has been an autonomous region of Uzbekistan since 1936 when Soviet Russia ceded Karakalpakstan to Uzbekistan.’s relations with Uzbekistan are regulated by treaties and agreements. It technically has the right to secede, but this must be approved by a vote of the people. However, this year has seen forces released in the area, raising the possibility of secessionism and pushing territorial sovereignty questions to the forefront.
Unrest in Karakalpakstan
On July 1, demonstrators attempted to seize government facilities in the nation’s capital, Nukus, as news spread that turmoil had broken out in Karakalpakstan over the measures being considered. There were widespread riots, which resulted in property damage. Provisions for amending the status of Karakalpakstan in the new constitutional reforms were put forward by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev. According to Reuters, some analysts think Tashkent’s poorly thought-out attempt to limit Karakalpakstan’s autonomy may have been an attempt to head off any resurgence in separatism in light of the conflict in Ukraine.A proposal for national consultation and referendum was announced and to change constitutional clauses about the region was made the day after during negotiations with representatives of Karakalpakstan. One of these clauses eliminates Karakalpakstan’s ability to hold a referendum on secession and increases Tashkent’s level of control. The Oliy Majlis, the Uzbek parliament, decided on June 24 to bring the proposed constitution to the next day’s public discussion.Following this deadly revolt, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the president, abandoned his efforts to change the constitution’s provisions relating to Karakalpakstan’s right to secede on Saturday. Additionally, he proclaimed an emergency in the northwest province for one month. While critics have pointed to Mirziyoyev’s government’s unwillingness to consult the native population before the changes as the cause, Mirziyoyev has alleged that the upheaval was organized years in advance with assistance from “outside forces.”While some ethnic Karakalpakstan journalists are accused of plotting to destabilize the constitutional order and causing unrest.
India backs Uzbek after protests break out
We have witnessed the steps taken by the government of Uzbekistan to restore law and order and prevent any further escalation,” said Mr. Arindam Bagchi, a spokesman for the Ministry of External Affairs. We wish for early stabilization of the situation as a close and friendly partner of Uzbekistan. New Delhi had been observing the “planned constitution change process in Uzbekistan, particularly the recent developments in Karakalpakstan,” according to a spokesperson for the Indian foreign ministry, and offered condolences to the kin of the deceased. The Russian government’s description of the upheaval as an “internal matter” for Tashkent was repeated by the Indian response, which was also in agreement with it.On Twitter, Minister Lekhi expressed her pleasure at her meeting with the Uzbek Deputy Minister, Furkat Sidikov, and emphasized how our bilateral relations are continuing to grow and develop over time. I like his explanation of the reforms being implemented in Uzbekistan.Increasing Relations between India and Uzbekistan were greatly boosted through political discussions and ministerial-level visits.These gatherings gave participants the chance to follow up on ongoing bilateral issues, pandemic-related actions, Afghani measures, and collaboration in global fora.