Pakistan has rejected handing India permanent membership in the UN Security Council (UNSC) according to reports cited by ARY News on Wednesday. It was noted that New Delhi apparently does not have the support of even half of the necessary states. As Pakistan’s position was accepted by the international forum for the continuation of the discussion on the requirements for membership, India’s goal of becoming a permanent member of the UNSC was shattered.
Pakistan had raised objections to India being given a permanent seat on the UNSC. It has insisted on the UNSC’s election occurring every two to five years and on a set duration for permanent membership. The nation also stated that India has consistently disobeyed UNSC decisions. According to diplomatic sources, the United States no longer supports the Indian group, and India lacks a two-thirds majority under the UN Charter (US).
India has also fallen short of the requirements for joining the UNSC permanently despite professing to have a secular and robust economy. For India to join as a permanent member, 129 other members must agree. Diplomatic sources have pointed out that New Delhi has already failed to obtain the endorsement of even half the necessary states. The sources cited by News reports pointed out that the African Union and the Arab League also support Pakistan’s position.
Statements of Pak’s ambassador-
Pakistan in April had emphasised the need for flexibility to secure the necessary consensus among all UN member states to break the deadlock in the protracted talks to reform the UN Security Council. In a resumed session of the Inter-Governmental Negotiations (IGN) aimed at making the 15-member Council more effective, representative, and accountable, Ambassador Munir Akram spoke about various issues. He said on Wednesday that “the admittedly slow pace of progress in Security Council reform is not due to any deficiency in the process or procedures.”
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The ambassador blamed the inflexibility in the position of a some individual states. He said few states come here with pre-determined agendas of fulfilling their national ambitions. Securing an elevated and privileged position within the Security Council, regardless of the principle of sovereign equality of states is their end goal, he added. He was clearly pointing to the the relentless campaign by India, Brazil, Germany, and Japan, collectively known as the G-4, for permanent seats in an expanded Council.
In the General Assembly, extensive discussions about the Security Council’s reform began in February 2009, focusing on five key issues. The types of membership, the veto issue, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Security Council, and the council’s operational procedures and relationship with the General Assembly. The Uniting for Consensus (UfC) group, which is led by Pakistan and Italy, strongly opposed to adding any more permanent members to the Security Council. On the other hand India, Brazil, Germany, and Japan continue to advocate for permanent seats on the Council.
A new category of members, not permanent members, with a longer term and the potential for re-election, has been proposed by UfC as a compromise. The United States, Britain, China, France, and Russia are the five permanent members of the Security Council. Ten non-permanent members were chosen to serve two-year terms.
India’s claim to permanent UNSC membership-
India was one of the UN’s original members. The nation has so far had eight periods for a two-year non-permanent member seat elected. Most notably, India has nearly twice as many peacekeepers on the ground as do the P5 nations. The main reasons for India’s permanent participation in the UNSC are that it is the world’s largest democracy and the second-most populous nation (soon to be most populous). India’s economy is one of the biggest and fastest-growing in the world.
India is a natural candidate for membership as a permanent member because it gained the status of a Nuclear Weapons State (NWS) in May 1998, making it similar to the other permanent members who are also all Nuclear Weapon States. India got included in several export control regimes, such as the Wassenaar arrangement and the MTCR. India’s rising worldwide impact in a variety of fields, including politics, sustainable development, economics, culture, science, and technology, has increased its international reputation and capabilities. India is the unquestioned leader of the Third World nations, as evidenced by its leadership position within the Non-Aligned Movement.
Obstacles to India’s membership-
Critics claim that India has yet to ratify both the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty from 1996 and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). India’s aspirations to join the UNSC as a permanent member have been obstructed by China, which holds the veto due to being one of the five permanent members.
Despite being a bright spot for the world economy and having stable macroeconomic foundations, India does poorly on key socioeconomic metrics, such as the Human Development Index. India has yet to demonstrate its ability to project its military strength outside of the Indian Ocean. India also significantly depends on the US and Russia for its imports of weapons for its military needs.