Biden’s strategy in the Middle East is dissimilar to what Trump has been doing during his reign. Biden is struggling to reshape US policy in the Middle East, coming across many barriers that are leaving him perplexed. While his goal was to distance his policy from the policies of former President Donald Trump, the question of Israel and Saudi Arabia is leaving vague ideas in the minds of world leaders, making him unpopular over his moves.
In the coming weeks, there will be significant discussion about his forthcoming trips to Saudi Arabia and Israel. Mr. Biden will visit Israel, the first country Mr. Biden visits in the Middle East. Again, since making the bold statements he did when he was a candidate for president, his position has softened. He has also long been a trustworthy and persistent member of the establishment, despite regularly being mistaken about Israel and the Middle East.
Even though his Middle East policy resembles that of his predecessor-“the nuclear deal is out, the Saudis are in, and human rights are down”-though his position has softened since the firm statements he made when running for president. According to Natan Sachs, director of the Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, the Biden administration “has had this rather confusing policy of continuity on many issues from Trump — the path of least resistance on many different issues, including Jerusalem, the Golan, Western Sahara, and most other affairs.”
“Biden is engaging, essentially making a decision,” added Mr. Sachs. And the option is to accept the newly developed regional architecture.
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Since Biden came to power last year, Israel has been noted for ignoring his demands and suggestions on key issues like stopping the spread of unauthorised settlements and starting peace negotiations for a two-state solution. The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) office in Washington, DC, and the US consulate in Jerusalem were both closed until he decided to reopen them. He also asked for the funeral of journalist Shireen Abu Akleh to be conducted calmly, but these requests were both ignored. Mr. Biden also faces fresh questions about his commitment to human rights.
On the other hand, his trip to Saudi Arabia, the de facto ruler of the oil-rich country, was sanctioned, according to U.S. intelligence sources, by the killing of American writer Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey in 2018. In contrast to Trump’s more conventional terms, Biden promised as a candidate to rethink the U.S. relationship with Saudi Arabia, which he referred to as a “pariah” country, while disregarding the country’s human rights record and increasing weapons sales to Riyadh.
His visit to two pivotal nations in the Middle East could be analysed as his motive to increase Israel’s security dynamics in the region and deepen its integration. However, as a result of pressure and direction from Israel, the president is currently directing his outreach to the Arab world toward Saudi Arabia. Israel is pressuring Biden to provide Saudi Arabia with a new, more advanced missile system in the hopes that it will join a regionally integrated missile system led by the US and Israel that is intended to restrict and combat an expansionist Iran.
Now that Israel and some Arab countries are exhibiting a greater willingness to work together to isolate Iran, their common enemy, and to consider economic cooperation, Mr. Biden appears to be attempting to find greater equilibrium in his Mideast policy. He is focusing on what is possible in a complex region of the world.
Will his move hamper US relations with the other Gulf nations? where the US has military bases and troops stationed. The US regional alliance and its strategic framework will be at risk.
In any case, Biden needs the appearance of a balanced effort for peace between Israelis and Palestinians to advance the Abraham Accords and further integrate Israel into the Arab neighborhood. However, Mr. Biden’s record in the Middle East is much more complex. He has mostly avoided tackling some of the most difficult issues in the region, including ones that he blamed Trump for making worse.
“He lacks the interpersonal connections.” He lacks the longevity of relationships, according to Jon Alterman, director of the Center for Strategic and International Studies Middle East Program.
Joe Biden’s visit to Saudi Arabia and Israel is highly unlikely to alter the US Middle East’s dynamic policies. Due to Biden’s poor management of his economy in his country, due to rising inflation, the Democratic president suffers from poor poll numbers. Analysts say both leaders of Israel and Saudi Arabia appear to have their sights set on a post-Biden America.